Africa Forum for Agricultural Advisory Services


Agricultural Extension Methodologies, Approaches and Tools in the context of AIS

Agricultural Development Administration – Korea and African Forum for Agricultural Advisory Services





The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, through its 17 Sustainable Development Goals, addresses the interconnected root causes of the most persistent ills communities face today and sets an ambitious target of ending hunger and malnutrition for all, by 2030. It recognizes that a lasting end to hunger and undernutrition cannot be achieved in isolation but through partnerships and collaborations. This ambition is consistent with African Union Commission (AUC) agenda 2063, and Malabo declaration, with particular reference to the commitment of ending hunger by 2025. Furthermore, in accordance with the Rome Principle, the Korean agricultural technology transfer to developing countries supports country-led agricultural technology development programs. It’s against this strategic orientation thatRural Development Administration(RDA) and African Forum for Agricultural Advisory Services (AFAAS) have been inspired by their common objectives and reached mutual understanding to cooperate and to combine their resources and efforts to address issues in Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services (AEAS) as one of the pillars for poverty reduction and sustainable development in Africa. RDA and AFAAS signed a partnership Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)in April 2017 to formalise their cooperation.

The RDA is a central government organization responsible for agricultural research and extension services in Korea. RDA has solved key scientific and technological issues for Korean agriculture and has implemented international collaborative programs known as the Korea-Africa Food and Agriculture Cooperation Initiative, Asian Food and Agriculture Cooperation Initiative and Korea-Latin America Food and Agriculture Cooperation Initiative which aim to contribute to ensuring food security and enhancing economic growth through modernized agriculture by drawing on the experience, knowledge and resources of the Republic of Korea. RDA is committed to the advancement of international agriculture through research leading to the development of technology. While,AFAAS is a Continental Forum for AEAS in Africa. Its objective is to create efficient, effective and synergistic linkages and partnerships between AEAS of member countries to improve the delivery of AEAS to farmers and other value chain actors. It operates within the framework of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP). AFAAS signed anMoU with AUC in April 2015 and hence legitimizing it as the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) institution. AFAAS operates through Country Fora, established as multi stakeholder fora for AEAS actors at national level.

Traditional approaches to extension have changed to pluralistic, group-based and participatory approaches which have the potential to overcome barriers to participation, foster inclusiveness, and lead to demand-driven services. In addition to disseminating new knowledge through training & demonstrations, AEAS performs a wide range of roles including: networking; organizing producers; sensitizing on food and nutrition security; facilitating access to credit; inputs & output services; convening innovation platforms; facilitating knowledge management; promoting gender equality; and supporting adaptation to climate change among others. Therefore, as demands for development agents expand continuously, it needs to foster experts with capabilities for agricultural technology, communication skills, and multi-cultural comprehension. Extension agents have the wealth of skills and experience of agricultural and community development. They can be good resource persons for technology and innovation transfer if they have good softskills for instance communication competencies.

The RDA, AFAAS and their partners are planning to strengthen the capacity of agricultural extension workers to deal with AEAS challenges in Africa, thus the purpose of this proposed Training of Trainers (ToTs). The training is one of the initial activities to be jointlyimplementedfor extension workers mainly from the public sector, sponsored by RDA and hosted by AFAAS. The training is premised in the fact that, there still exist key challenges of AEAS in Africa including: low capacity of extension workers in dealing with a dynamic changing AEAS environment; limited knowledge and skills in using AEAS methods,approaches and tools; limited competency in multi-stakeholders facilitation with an increasing landscape of service providers; and weak capacity for planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of extension programs.

Objectives of the training : To build capacity of extension workers in use of different extension methods, approaches and toolsthrough Training of Trainers, who will replicate the training in their respective countries. The training will also serve as a platform to expose the participants to the on-going global debate on the changing role of AEAS, and how individuals, organisations, and systems can better be equipped to deal with the changing paradigms.

Target Audience/ participants: The Target countries are: Comoros, Kenya, Morocco, Senegal, Ghana, Cote Dvoire, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Zimbabwe, Tunisia, Sudan, Ethiopia, DRC, Uganda, Malawi, Zambia, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Korea.

Expected Number of Participants: 30- 35

Training Methodology: The training workshop shall be designed as a Training of Trainers (ToT) whereby the participants master theoretical and practical knowledge and skills of agricultural extension sciences and methodologies. The training shall use participatory and adult learning trainingapproach toensure active participation of trainees.Variety of interactive training methods shall be used including brainstorming, buzz group, group exercise, role playing, case study, etc.Upon completion of this training, all participants shall initiate similar training in their respective countries in partnership with Country Forum and/or Ministry of Agriculture and other partners to build capacity of more extension workers.RDA and AFAAS Secretariats shall continue to play backstopping roles.

Topics to be covered:i) The New Extensionist concept; ii) Agricultural Extension methods and approaches; iii) Training methodology; iv) Agricultural Extension program planning, monitoring, evaluation and learning; v) Agricultural extension professionalization; vi) Agricultural Innovation Systems; vii) ICT and Knowledge management; viii) facilitation for development, and ,ix) Cross cutting issues in Agricultural extension and networking

Partners: i) The Global Forum for Rural Advisory Services – GFRAS; ii) Developing Local Extension Capacity – DLEC, USAID, feed the future project, iii) DAFF, iv) SASAE, iv) Country Fora

Host Country: The training will take place in Durban South Africa

Date: From 26 to 29 October for workshop, 30 October – 3 November 2017 for extension week (9 days)

Location/ Venue:Durban, South Africa

Funding: The funding of the training Workshop is provided by RDA – Korea, with a total budget of about $90,000.

Trainers: Dr. ChoGyoung-Rae, Dr. Song, Dr. Choi So Young from KAFACI-RDA, Korea; Ms. Hlamalani Ngwenya – International Development Consultant; Dr. Samson Eshetu- AFAAS Consultant- capacity and Institutional development, Mr. Andrianjafy Rasoanindrainy – ICT & KM expert and RAS champion and Dr. Dan Makosa – AFAAS Consultant-evaluation part

Facilitator and Coordinator: Mr. Max Olupot; Rapporteuring team: Jerry Egesa and Eunice; Logistics: Summaya Nalwoga and Eunice



Training workshop theme: Agricultural Extension Methodologies, Approaches and Tools in the Context of Agricultural Innovation Systems.

Date: 26th October to 29th October 2017                                                                     Venue: Durban, South Africa

Time ActivityLead/ Responsible / Facilitator
OpenWednesday 25/10/2017  – Arrival Participants to DurbanSummaya and  Eunice
DAY ONE: Thursday 26th October  2017
08:00  – 08:15RegistrationEunice and  Summaya


Setting the scene: Introduction of participants; objectives of the WorkshopMax – AFAAS
Welcome RemarksRDA and AFAAS Board Rep
Workshop process, program  and ground rulesHlami – GFRAS
SESSION II: Approaches, methods, tools and the New Extensionist
09:00 – 09:15Over view of Agricultural Extension in Africa;  Approaches, methods and toolsSamson
9:15 – 09:35Overview of Agricultural Extension in Korea: Approaches, methods and toolsKAFACI/ RDA- Dr. Song
09:35- 09.40Questions and clarificationsMax
09:40-10.00Introduction to the new Extensionist and concept of AISHlami
10:00-10:20General discussion and reflection Hlami
10:20:-10:30Group PhotoJerry and Eunice
10:30-11:00 Health Break and Networking Summaya and Eunice
SESSION III: An overview of AEAS current status in the countries (Part I) : 10 minutes each country
11:00 – 12:50Nigeria, Ghana, Gabon, Malawi,Zambia, Zimbabwe, Morocco, Tunisia, Sudan, Comoros,Country representatives
12:50 -13:00Feedback  and ReflectionsParticipants
13:00 – 14:00Lunch BreakSummaya and Eunice
SESSION IV: Country report on current AEAS status (Part II) : 10 minutes each country
14:00-15:20Senegal, Cote Dvoire, DRC, Cameroon, Rwanda, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya Dr. Cho and RDA Team
15:20- 15:30Discussion and reflectionParticipants
15:30 – 16:00 Health Break and Networking Summaya and Esther
SESSION IV: Group work on extension Approaches, Methods and tools
16:00- 16:45Group work on countries’ experience in agricultural extension methods and approaches (3 groups guided by key questions)Samson and Hlami
16:45-17:00Wrap up of the day and  LogisticsRDA, AFAAS , GFRAS
End of day one
DAY TWO: Friday, 27thOctober 2017
Time ActivityLed by
SESSION I: Countries experience on Agricultural extension methods and approaches
08:15 – 08:30Recap and issues from previous dayMax and Hlami
08:30 –0 9.30Presentation from groups and DiscussionSamson and Hlami
09:30- 10:00Case study from Korea on use of Extension Approach and KAFACI –Africa  experienceRDA – Dr. Song
10:00-10:30New Extensionist Tool Kit in practice: Facilitation for DevelopmentHlami
 10:30 – 11:00Health Break and NetworkingSummaya and Eunice
SESSION II: New Extensionist in Practice_Country level testing experience
11:00 – 12:00New Extensionist Testing: Experience from MadagascarAndry
12:00 – 13:00New Extensionist: Implications for adoption, adaptation and mainstreamingAndry and Hlami
13:00 – 14:00Lunch BreakSummaya  and Eunice
SESSION III: ICT and Knowledge management
14:00 – 15:00The role of ICT and use in AEAS; KAFACI experience and AFAAS CF experienceDr. Choand Andry
15:00 – 16:00Knowledge Management in Extension Country Case studiesDr. Choi(RDA)
 16:00 – 16: 20Health Break and Networking Summaya and Eunice
16:20-17:00 Demonstration on use of ICT Tools and platforms and Wrap of day twoAndrianjafy / RDA
End of day two
DAY THREE: Saturday, 28th October 2017
SESSION II: Participatory Training Methodology
08:15- 08:45Recap of day twoHlami and Jerry
08:45 – 09:45Participatory training methodologies (Training cycle)Samson
09:45-10:30 Country experiencesAll (facilitated discussion)
10:30 – 11:00Health Break and Networking Summaya and Eunice
SESSION I: Extension Program planning, monitoring, evaluation and learning
11:00 -11:30Extension Program planning, monitoring, evaluation and learningDan and Max
11:30 – 12:30Group work on countries experience and challenges in Program planning, monitoring, evaluation and learningAFAAS and RDA
12:30 – 13:00Presentation from group work and reflection in a plenary sessionGroup representatives
 13:00 – 14:00 Lunch BreakSummaya and Eunice
SESSION II: AEAS Professionalization and cross cutting and emerging HOT topics
14:00 – 14:45AEAS ProfessionalisationSamson and Hlami
14:45 – 15:30Cross cutting and emerging hot topics (Gender and youth, Climate Smart Agriculture, Food and nutrition Security)

Hlami and Samson

(Patrice& Dr. Cho)

15:30 – 16:00Health Break and Networking Summaya and Esther
SESSION III:  CLOSURE and preparation for AFAAS Extension week
16:00 – 16:30Reflections and Future collaborative action areas between countries, KAFACI and AFAASSamsom and Hlami
16:30-17:00Evaluation of Training WorkshopDan Makosa and Max
Closing remarks- AFAAS and RDADr. Silim -ED AFAAS and RDA
DAY FOUR: Sunday: 29th October 2017
09:00-10:00Testing the new extension e-learning modulesAndry
10:00 -11:00Individual country work plans (self organised)Countries
11:00- 11-20Health Break and Networking  
11:20- 13 : 00Individual country work plans continued (Self organised)Countries
13:00-14 :00Lunch Break  Summaya
Registration/ Accreditation for Agricultural Extension Week (AEW) and Networking